IT feels good to be vindicated. There were gloom and doom predictions when Malaysia reported in August a deep contraction of 17.1% in its gross domestic product (GDP) for the second quarter. EMIR Research was among the few voices then that said it’s not the end of the world yet for Malaysia, and stressed that the worst is over.

True enough, when the GDP for the third quarter (3Q20) was announced on Nov 13, the decline was less steep at 2.7% year-on-year (yoy) compared to the previous quarter’s contraction of 17.1%.

When viewed on a quarter-on-quarter (qoq) basis, the picture gets better – the economy in the third quarter grew by a spectacular 18.2% compared to a contraction of 16.5% in the previous quarter.

What’s more, the latest GDP number also beats analysts’ estimate of a contraction of 3.2% yoy.

EMIR Research has been writing on a V-shaped recovery for quite some time and being data driven in our approach, we could see that actual monthly and quarterly economic figures of the past few months and the past two quarters were moving towards a recovery trajectory.

But we are not dogmatic enough to insist it must be a V-shaped recovery. Our view is always premised on a conditional situation and this conditional premise pertains to we will only see this V-shaped recovery as the end goal, once vaccines are found, and even this requires the absence of logistical hiccups once a decision to vaccinate the population is made.

Some experts have recently settled on the alphabet K as their recovery of choice.

In the US context, some portions of the economy are recovering quickly, just like the technology and e-commerce sectors, while others lag behind, like travel, tourism and hospitality.

The upward line within the “K” represents those sectors that do well, while the downward line represents those still floundering.

In the Malaysian context, glove companies are doing pretty well, but tourism and aviation are going down the drain – so a K-shaped recovery is also possible here.

Of course, we are realistic enough to know that whether it is a V- or K-shaped recovery, it does not mean we are out of the woods or there is an absence of massive suffering among the rakyat.

In the case of the V-shaped recovery, it all depends on which territory the V-shaped recovery is taking place.

It is apparently taking place at the negative territory of the GDP curve which means people are still suffering, and hence an empathetic rakyat-centric budget as espoused by EMIR Research is still required and is a must.

But at least with a V-shaped recovery taking place, it means the trajectory is towards a full recovery, ceteris paribus, that is, everything else remain constant, full recovery is assured.

However, we know that in real life, ceteris is not necessarily paribus, and in this regard, the failure to pass Budget 2021 by the politicians in Parliament will throw a spanner in the works of attaining a V-shaped recovery.

Even international ratings agency Fitch Solutions expects politics in Malaysia to blunt economic growth for the next decade.

Combined with slower population growth and reduced fiscal space to cushion against negative future economic shocks, Fitch predicts real GDP growth to be at just 3.4% over the next 10 years compared to 6.4% over the past decade.

Coming back to the third quarter GDP growth, Department of Statistics chief statistician Mohd Uzir Mahidin said the economic performance in 3Q20 was uplifted on the supply side by a rebound in the manufacturing sector, while other sectors showed an improved negative growth compared to the previous quarter.

On the demand side, private final consumption expenditure and gross fixed capital formation also registered smaller decline as compared to the contraction in the second quarter.

“Overall, the performance in the third quarter was mainly driven by the manufacturing sector which grew 3.3% compared to the decline of 18.3% in the previous quarter, supported by electrical, electronics and optical, as well as vegetable and animal oils and fats, and food processing products.

“The favourable performance was attributed by exports-oriented industries which turnaround to 5% from -13.5% in the second quarter of 2020 and this was reflected in the performance of total exports in September which recorded a positive double-digit growth,” Mohd Uzir said in a recent statement.

Meanwhile, Bank Negara governor Datuk Nor Shamsiah Mohd Yunus said recovery in export performance was driven by electrical and electronics exports given the strong demand of work-from-home equipment and medical equipment, resulting in current account on the balance of payment registering a higher surplus of RM56.1 billion or 7.1% of GDP during 3Q20.

“However, the outlook is still subject to downside risk, whereby the resurgence of Covid-19 cases could impact the global growth, although the risk to economic growth due to the resurgence in cases is not expected to be as severe as observed in the second quarter,” she said.

Bank Negara keeps this year’s GDP contraction forecast at between 3.5% to 5.5%.

It expects GDP to recover in 2021 in the range of 6.5%-7.5%.

Jamari Mohtar is director of media and communications at EMIR Research, an independent think tank focused on strategic policy recommendations based upon rigorous research.